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Extraction of Manganese Through Baking-Leaching Technique from High Iron Containing Manganese Sludge

EasyChair Preprint no. 2122

12 pagesDate: December 10, 2019


The growing demand for manganese and environmental regulations had made it increasingly important to develop process for the recovery of manganese from manganese sludge before dumping. This article explores the possibility of extracting manganese from manganese sludge containing 10% manganese and 15.5% iron. Detailed physico-chemical characterization was carried out by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) and conventional analytical tools. The manganese present in the form of Mn+4 is stable in acid or alkaline oxidizing condition so the recovery manganese must be carried out under reducing condition. Sulfation roasting in the presence of proper reductant followed by water leaching process was developed to recover manganese. Different processes parameters such as roasting temperature, roasting time, reductant mass, sulfuric acid concentration, leaching time and temperature were studied and optimized to give more than 98% dissolution of manganese with almost complete rejection of iron in the residue. The leached solution is purified further and precipitated as manganese carbonate (>95%) in the presence of ammonium carbonate. The precipitate was dried and calcined at 350°C to produce chemical manganese dioxide (CMD). The products were characterized by chemical analysis, XRD and SEM. The detail results were discussed in full paper.

Keyphrases: Chemical manganese dioxide, Dissolution, Manganese sludge, precipitation, Sulfation roasting

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Saurabh Shekhar and Shivendra Sinha and Devabrata Mishra and Archana Agrawal and Kamla Kanta Sahu},
  title = {Extraction of Manganese Through Baking-Leaching Technique from High Iron Containing Manganese Sludge},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 2122},

  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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