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On Nicolas Criterion for the Riemann Hypothesis

EasyChair Preprint no. 10961, version 5

Versions: 1234567history
8 pagesDate: November 4, 2023


The Riemann hypothesis is the assertion that all non-trivial zeros are complex numbers with real part $\frac{1}{2}$. It is considered by many to be the most important unsolved problem in pure mathematics. There are several statements equivalent to the famous Riemann hypothesis. For $x \geq 2$, the function $f$ was introduced by Nicolas in his seminal paper as $f(x) = e^{\gamma} \cdot \log\theta(x) \cdot \prod_{q \leq x} \left(1 - \frac{1}{q} \right)$, where $\theta(x)$ is the Chebyshev function, $\gamma \approx 0.57721$ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant and $\log$ is the natural logarithm. In 1983, Nicolas stated that if the Riemann hypothesis is false then there exists a real number $b$ with $0 < b < \frac{1}{2}$ such that, as $x\to \infty$, $\log f(x)=\Omega_{\pm }(x^{-b})$. In this note, using the Nicolas criterion, we prove that the Riemann hypothesis is true.

Keyphrases: Chebyshev function, prime numbers, Riemann hypothesis, Riemann zeta function

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Frank Vega},
  title = {On Nicolas Criterion for the Riemann Hypothesis},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 10961},

  year = {EasyChair, 2023}}
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