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A META-A Meta-Analysis on Developing Effective Hots Questioning Skills for Stem Teachers in Malaysia

EasyChair Preprint no. 1764

14 pagesDate: October 24, 2019


In developing 21st-century skills, improvement of STEM education is in demand in most countries for solving complex global issues and global economic development. Effective questioning skills by STEM teachers could help to engage and scaffold students in learning and higher-level thinking process. However, most STEM teachers in Malaysia still applied lower-order and closed-ended questions in teaching and learning session because of their lack of knowledge and skills in HOTS questioning. This paper provided an overview of effective strategies to develop HOTS questioning skills. The research methodology was based on literature review search strategy through ERIC, online database and journals such as EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Springer Link, Web of Science (WoS), SAGE, Taylor and Francis Online, and Wiley Online Library. The keywords used for this research were STEM education, questioning skills, higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) and STEM pedagogical development. From the meta-analysis, the results showed that promote inquiry approach, proper wait-time, suitable language and recognition were the dominant strategies in questioning, which helped to develop students’ cognitive and HOTS abilities. Findings from this review will guide the STEM teachers to enhance their pedagogical skills, especially in HOTS questioning and strengthen the quality of STEM education in future.

Keyphrases: Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS), Questioning Skills, STEM education, STEM Pedagogical Development

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Nor'Aida Khairuddin and Rohaya Talib and Haiza Atmareni Harmeni and Muhammad Radzali},
  title = {A META-A Meta-Analysis on Developing Effective Hots Questioning Skills for Stem Teachers in Malaysia},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 1764},

  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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